Banksia Growing Guide

Banksia species and hybrids


Crop Rotation Group



Well-drained sandy soil that dries between rains.


Full sun.

Frost tolerant

Frost tolerance varies between different species and cultivars so it is recommended to check if the one you are considering planting is suitable for your area.


A low phosphorus Australian native plant fertiliser.


Single Plants: 2.00m (6' 6") each way (minimum)
Rows: 2.00m (6' 6") with 2.00m (6' 6") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Banksia are easy to start from seed provided the seeds have already been released from the cone. Many banksia species release their seeds in response to fire, which you can mimic by heating a banksia cone in a 120°C (250°F) oven for an hour. Seeds sown at room temperature should germinate in two weeks. Set out seedlings or purchased plants in spring and summer. Water regularly until the plant becomes established. Spacing requirements vary according to the type grown; some grow into small trees, while the smallest are knee-high ground covers. Check plant tags for a plant’s mature height and width when choosing banksias. Only small ground cover banksias like ‘Cherry Candles’ can be grown in containers. Allow one plant for each 14-inch (35 cm) pot.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Grown for their unusual flowering cones, which resemble bottle brushes, these Australian native shrubs also attracts numerous insects and small animals in search of sweet nectar.


Flowers are usually left on the plants to mature into interesting cones, which can be dried and used in crafts. Banksia flowers make stunning cut flowers that last a week or more in a vase. Flowers left on the plants are of great interest to insects and small animals because they are such a good supply of nectar.


Banksias can develop root rot when the soil stays wet for long periods.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

< Back to All Plants

Pests which Affect Banksia