Brussels Sprouts Growing Guide

Brussels Sprouts

Crop Rotation Group

Brassicas (Cabbage family) 


Rich, deep soil, firm with plenty of well rotted compost dug in.


Full sun.

Frost tolerant

Yes, improves with frost.


Mix a high-nitrogen compost into the soil before planting.


Buckwheat, Mint, Agastache, Echinacea, Mustard and Nasturtium.


Single Plants: 60cm (1' 11") each way (minimum)
Rows: 60cm (1' 11") with 60cm (1' 11") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Sow late summer to autumn in most areas. Plant out when thumb height.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Use fine mesh or exclusion netting over the warmer months to prevent butterflies laying eggs on the underside of leaves - caterpillars can destroy these plants. Protect against birds which can damage the young seedlings and overwintering crops. May need supportive stakes during the winter.


Harvest from the bottom of the plant upward, twisting off sprouts that are larger than a marble. Removing nearby leaves helps to make room for growing sprouts.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Brussels Sprouts