Collards Growing Guide

Collards, also known as American Kale

Crop Rotation Group

Brassicas (Cabbage family) 

Soil

Fertile, well-drained soil with plenty of well rotted compost dug in.

Position

Full sun.

Frost tolerant

Yes.

Feeding

Not usually required, but may be needed if plants grow slowly even though the weather is comfortably warm.

Companions

Tomato, Sage, Garlic, Onion, Onions, Chives, Rosemary, Mint and Nasturtium.

Spacing

Single Plants: 30cm (11") each way (minimum)
Rows: 30cm (11") with 40cm (1' 3") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Sow indoors in spring and set out when plants have 5 leaves. Start another planting indoors in midsummer, and set out in early fall.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.

Notes

The flavor of collards is improved by cool temperatures, so fall is the preferred time to grow this crop.

Harvesting

Harvest leaves individually, when they are about the size of your hand.

Troubleshooting

In warm weather, caterpillars may feed on leaves. Exclude them with floating row covers. In cool weather, watch for outbreaks of gray-green cabbage aphids in leaf crevices. Pick off and compost badly infested leaves.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Collards