Hazelnut Growing Guide

Hazelnut, also known as Filbert

Crop Rotation Group

Miscellaneous 

Soil

Prefers well-drained loamy or sandy soil.

Position

Sheltered spot in full sun or partial shade. Can be grown as a hedge.

Frost tolerant

Yes, healthy hazelnut trees will bear twenty years or more.

Feeding

Mulch with well-rotted organic matter in spring.

Companions

Crimson Clover. Corridors within the orchard that are planted with clovers and other legumes contribute to soil fertility and attract pollinators.

Spacing

Single Plants: 4.50m (14' 9") each way (minimum)
Rows: 4.50m (14' 9") with 4.50m (14' 9") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Prepare a large hole by breaking up the soil and adding plenty of well-rotted organic matter. A wide hole is better than a very deep one. Mulch after planting, and encircle the trunk with a wire cage or protective pipe to protect the young tree from animal and insect pests.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.

Notes

Self-fertile but pollination is improved by growing in groups with two or more cultivars present. Begins to bear after five years. Healthy hazelnut trees will bear twenty years or more.

Harvesting

Harvest when the husks begin to turn yellow in early autumn.

Troubleshooting

The nuts are much-loved by birds and rodents.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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