Rose Growing Guide

Rose

Crop Rotation Group

Miscellaneous 

Soil

Rich, well-drained soil with compost dug in. A slightly acidic pH of 6 to 6.5 is preferred.

Position

Full sun to partial shade.

Frost tolerant

Some roses are hardy to -40C (-40F), but most popular cultivars can be badly injured by temperatures below -23C (-10F). Choose varieties that are known to grow well in your area.

Feeding

Fertilise in spring by spreading a 1-inch (2.5 cm) layer of composted manure over the root zones of the plants. Feed plants again in early summer, just after the first big flush of blooms. A final feeding in late summer is needed in warmer areas where many roses rebloom heavily in the autumn.

Spacing

Single Plants: 90cm (2' 11") each way (minimum)
Rows: 60cm (1' 11") with 1.50m (4' 11") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Plant bare-root roses while dormant during Autumn and Winter. Container-grown plants can be set out year round in most areas ifcare is taken to provide extra water in warmer conditions. Mulch after planting to keep the soil moist, and to limit splashing of soil onto the leaves.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.

Notes

Disease-resistant shrub roses need no spraying and rebloom several times during the season. Trim back all roses after they bloom to reduce problems with disease. In some areas, a deep winter mulch is needed to protect grafts and dormant buds from winter injury.

Harvesting

Many roses produce fleshy berries, called rosehips, that make a nutritious and flavorful addition to teas. Harvest them for drying when they turn from green to orange or red.

Troubleshooting

Aphids are common on new growth in spring, but numerous natural enemies usually control them. Rose black spot, powdery mildew, and other diseases can be serious, and are best prevented by growing resistant varieties.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Rose