Kale Growing Guide

Brassica oleracea var. sabellica


Crop Rotation Group

Brassicas (Cabbage family) 


Good soil, firm, preferably with plenty of well rotted compost dug in.


Full sun.

Frost tolerant



Not usually required.


Single Plants: 40cm (1' 3") each way (minimum)
Rows: 35cm (1' 1") with 45cm (1' 5") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Sow in pots under cover for early sowings or during cold weather. Plant out when thumb sized. Can be direct sown as well.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Use fine mesh or exclusion netting over the warmer months to prevent butterflies laying eggs on the underside of leaves - caterpillars can destroy these plants. Protect against birds which can damage the young seedlings and overwintering crops. May need supportive stakes during the winter.


Harvest leaves gradually from the centre of each plant while they are still tender. New leaves will grow and harvesting can extend from late autumn/fall right through to the next spring.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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